Linux fréttir

Mystery Math Whiz and Novelist Advance Permutation Problem

Slashdot - Tue, 2018-11-06 14:40
A new proof from the Australian science fiction writer Greg Egan and a 2011 proof anonymously posted online are now being hailed as significant advances on a puzzle mathematicians have been studying for at least 25 years. Erica Klarreich, writing for Quanta Magazine: On September 16, 2011, an anime fan posted a math question to the online bulletin board 4chan about the cult classic television series The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya . Season one of the show, which involves time travel, had originally aired in nonchronological order, and a re-broadcast and a DVD version had each further rearranged the episodes. Fans were arguing online about the best order to watch the episodes, and the 4chan poster wondered: If viewers wanted to see the series in every possible order, what is the shortest list of episodes they'd have to watch? In less than an hour, an anonymous person offered an answer -- not a complete solution, but a lower bound on the number of episodes required. The argument, which covered series with any number of episodes, showed that for the 14-episode first season of Haruhi, viewers would have to watch at least 93,884,313,611 episodes to see all possible orderings. "Please look over [the proof] for any loopholes I might have missed," the anonymous poster wrote. The proof slipped under the radar of the mathematics community for seven years -- apparently only one professional mathematician spotted it at the time, and he didn't check it carefully. But in a plot twist last month, the Australian science fiction novelist Greg Egan proved a new upper bound on the number of episodes required. Egan's discovery renewed interest in the problem and drew attention to the lower bound posted anonymously in 2011. Both proofs are now being hailed as significant advances on a puzzle mathematicians have been studying for at least 25 years. Mathematicians quickly verified Egan's upper bound, which, like the lower bound, applies to series of any length. Then Robin Houston, a mathematician at the data visualization firm Kiln, and Jay Pantone of Marquette University in Milwaukee independently verified the work of the anonymous 4chan poster. Now, Houston and Pantone, joined by Vince Vatter of the University of Florida in Gainesville, have written up the formal argument. In their paper, they list the first author as "Anonymous 4chan Poster."

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Categories: Linux fréttir

The nights are drawing in. Pour a cup of cocoa and join us for Windows 10 Autumnwatch

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 14:22
Fireworks night has been and gone. Microsoft stayed home

The leaves on the trees are turning golden, a chill is in the air, and while the Windows 10 October 2018 Update remains locked in the fireworks tin, there seems to be movement for its sibling, Windows Server 2019.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Harvard Researchers Suggest Interstellar Object Might Have Been From Alien Civilization

Slashdot - Tue, 2018-11-06 14:00
A strange interstellar object that invaded our solar system and passed close to Earth in the fall of 2017 could have been an artificial object, a piece of a spacecraft from an alien civilization, Harvard researchers are suggesting in a new paper [PDF]. From a report: "There is data on the orbit of this object for which there is no other explanation. So we wrote this paper suggesting this explanation," said Professor Avi Loeb, chairman of the Harvard astronomy department. "The approach I take to the subject is purely scientific and evidence-based. As far as I know, there is no other explanation. You can rule it out or in, based on additional data." He said the study had been accepted for publication in the The Astrophysical Journal Letters on Nov. 12. The paper, written by Loeb and postdoctoral researcher Shmuel Bialy, suggests the object might be a light sail, or solar sail -- a proposed method of powering spacecraft that uses a sail to catch radiation pressure and propel the spacecraft, just as a normal sail uses the wind to propel a boat. The object 'Oumuamua -- Hawaiian for "messenger from afar arriving first" -- is the first ever observed intruding in the orbits of our planets. It was picked up by telescopes in October 2017 at the University of Hawaii's Haleakala Observatory, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration said. It is on its way out of the solar system and expected to never return. Scientists say other "interstellar" objects may have sailed by in the past, undetected. The object raised eyebrows. It was monitored for signs of radio signals as weak as one-tenth of a cellphone-strength signal, but nothing was detected. Researchers said in December 2017 that it appeared to be a naturally formed, icy object covered with a dry crust. Further reading: Interstellar Visitor 'Oumuamua Is a Comet After All (June 2018), Scientists say mysterious 'Oumuamua' object could be an alien spacecraft, and Cigar-shaped interstellar object may have been an alien probe, Harvard paper claims.

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Categories: Linux fréttir

Russia inches closer to launching a crew again while NASA waits for a delivery from Germany

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 13:53
De-crewed? More like de-orbit if the ISS had to wait for Orion

It was another busy week in space as Russia notched up a second Soyuz success, China conducted its 32nd launch of the year and NASA awaited the arrival of its first service module for Orion.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

GCSE computer science should be exam only, says Ofqual

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 13:20
Oh, and some exam boards might need to offer paper-based tests due to schools' crap IT kit

Students starting GCSE computer science in 2020 may be assessed by exams only, amid concerns about schools' IT kit, burdens on teachers and malpractice in non-exam tests.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Energy Cost of 'Mining' Bitcoin More Than Twice That of Copper Or Gold

Slashdot - Tue, 2018-11-06 13:00
An anonymous reader quotes a report from The Guardian: The amount of energy required to "mine" one dollar's worth of bitcoin is more than twice that required to mine the same value of copper, gold or platinum, according to a new paper, suggesting that the virtual work that underpins bitcoin, ethereum and similar projects is more similar to real mining than anyone intended. One dollar's worth of bitcoin takes about 17 megajoules of energy to mine, according to researchers from the Oak Ridge Institute in Cincinnati, Ohio, compared with four, five and seven megajoules for copper, gold and platinum. Other cryptocurrencies also fair poorly in comparison, the researchers write in the journal Nature Sustainability, ascribing a cost-per-dollar of 7MJ for ethereum and 14MJ for the privacy focused cryptocurrency monero. But all the cryptocurrencies examined come off well compared with aluminium, which takes an astonishing 122MJ to mine one dollar's worth of ore. [...] To account for the wild fluctuations in cryptocurrency price, and therefore effort expended by miners, the researchers used a median of all the values between January 1, 2016 and June 30, 2018, and attempted to account for the geographic dispersal of bitcoin miners. "Any cryptocurrency mined in China would generate four times the amount of CO2 compared to the amount generated in Canada," they write, highlighting the importance of such country-dependent accounting.

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SaaSy Salesforce's EMEA arm hands over £5m to Brit taxman

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 12:50
Tax efficient biz makes 1.73 pre-tax profit % on £1.508bn local sales in fiscal '18

Salesforce's European limb last year coughed £5m in tax to the UK government - the business is registered in Blighty - as it made a 1.73 pre-tax profit percentage on a turnover of £1.51bn.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

ICO poised to fine Leave campaign and Arron Banks’ insurance biz £135,000

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 12:17
Finds orgs sent marketing emails promoting each other without consent

The Information Commissioner’s Office plans to slap fines totalling £135,000 on Leave.EU and Brexiteer Arron Banks’ insurance biz Eldon for “serious” breaches of direct marketing laws.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Oracle 'net-watcher agrees, China Telecom is a repeat offender for misdirecting traffic

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 11:50
Network admins really need to mind their MANRS

Oracle has backed claims that China Telecom Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) announcements regularly take internet traffic on an unwanted tour of the Middle Kingdom.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Till Microsoft finds it a place on the path unwinding, it's the circle, the circle of Skype

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 11:20
What's that coming over the hill? Is it ProcDump, a Linux ProcDump?

Roundup Microsoft is looking to 2019 and tinkering with Skype as the Windows 10 October 2018 update continues its lonely wanderings.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Disky business: Seagate hyperscale customers slow to 'digest' inventory

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 10:45
Antacid, anyone?

Analysis Hyperscale customers went on a disk drive buying strike late in Seagate's first quarter of fiscal '19, ended September 28.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Mything the point: The AI renaissance is simply expensive hardware and PR thrown at an old idea

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 10:12
There is no ghost in the machine

Comment For the last few years the media has been awash with hyperbole about artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning technologies. It could be said that never, in the field of computer science, have so many ridiculous things been said by so many people in possession of so little relevant expertise. For anyone engaged in cutting-edge hardware in the 1980s, this is puzzling.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Researchers 'Break' Microsoft's Edge With Zero-Day Remote Code Exploit

Slashdot - Tue, 2018-11-06 10:00
Exploit developers Yushi Laing and Alexander Kochkov have teased a zero-day exploit for Microsoft's Edge browser that can allow a malicious actor to run commands on a user's machine. "Laing teased the 'stable exploit' for the Microsoft-developed web browser last week with an image that appeared to show the Windows Calculator app launched from a web browser, after working on the project for just under a week," reports IT PRO. From the report: The researcher had initially been looking into three remote code execution bugs for Firefox as part of an 'exploit chain', but struggled to establish code for the third. He then found two similar flaws on Microsoft Edge using the Wadi Fuzzer app developed by SensePost. Laing told BleepingComputer the pair wanted to develop a stable exploit for Microsoft Edge and escape the sandbox, termed as an exploit that force-crashes and incorrectly reloads an app with manipulated permissions. This would allow a user to run functions, and access other apps, beyond its normal permissions, as well as access data from other applications. They were also looking for a way to effectively seize control of a machine by escalating execution privileges to "system." They published a proof-of-concept for the Edge exploit in a short clip which shows the team using the browser to open the landing page for Google Chrome via Firefox.

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iPhone XR, for when £1,000 is just too much for a smartmobe

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 09:42
Most of the bang of the XS for not so much of the bucks

Review Back in 2007, Apple convinced the world a phone that could barely last a day was OK. In 2018 it has set out to persuade the public that a phone costing £749 is somehow a bargain.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

The PCIe bus is coming, and everybody's jumping... New York to San Francisco, an NVMe disco

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 09:10
The wheels of steel are turnin' and traffic lights are burnin'...

A lot of vendors have looked to NVMe amongst the other cloud, software and hyperconverged tidbits in storage roundup this week, but let's start with some updates.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

The Register translates VMware's VMworld Europe 2018 news into plain English – our free guide for every reader

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 08:17
Have you tried innovating your enterprise synergy today?

Today marks the opening of VMware's VMworld Europe 2018 event in Barcelona, Spain. The Dell-owned virtualization giant has a bunch of announcements to kick off its shindig.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Fight AI with AI! Code taught to finger naughty deepfake vids made by machine-learning algos

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 07:03
It works for now because the forgeries are quite easy to spot

The rise of AI systems that can generate fake images and videos has spurred researchers in the US to develop a technique to sniff out these cyber-shams, also known as deepfakes.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

SpaceX's Helipad-Equipped Boat Will Bring Astronauts Safely Home

Slashdot - Tue, 2018-11-06 07:00
Next year when SpaceX starts shuttling astronauts to and from the ISS, the company will be using its Go Searcher ocean vessel to recover SpaceX's crewed Dragon capsules that splash down in the Atlantic Ocean. "The ship is now equipped for a worst-case-scenario with medical treatment facilities and a helipad, in case returning astronauts need to be evacuated quickly to a hospital," reports The Verge. From the report: Go Searcher is part of a fleet of ocean vessels that SpaceX has acquired over the years to aid in its spaceflight efforts. The most famous of these are SpaceX's autonomous drone ships, which are used as landing pads when the company's Falcon 9 rockets are recovered in the ocean after launches. Go Searcher used to accompany these drone ships when they were tugged back to shore as a support vessel. But at the end of summer, SpaceX gave Go Searcher a suite of upgrades -- including the addition of a helipad and a radar dome -- to make sure the boat can swiftly recover Dragon capsules that carry astronauts back to Earth. As part of NASA's Commercial Crew Program, SpaceX has been developing the Crew Dragon capsule to take astronauts to the ISS. And the company is also responsible for getting these crews safely back to Earth. When astronauts need to return home, the plan is for the Crew Dragon to splash down in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida. During an ideal mission, Go Searcher will lift the Crew Dragon out of the water with a crane, attached to the end of the boat, according to NASA. The capsule will then be hauled onto the deck of Go Searcher, and the astronauts will be evaluated by doctors from SpaceX and NASA. But if something goes awry during the landing, astronauts can be airlifted directly off the boat via helicopter and taken to a hospital. The helicopter will also carry medical emergency personnel.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

Categories: Linux fréttir

Woke Linus Torvalds rolls his first 4.20, mulls Linux 5.0 effort for 2019

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 06:08
Kernel release candidate adds support for two Chinese CPU families... will these be the final new CPU archs?

The new, improved, and chilled-out Linus Torvalds emitted the first release candidate for Linux kernel 4.20 over the weekend.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

Cisco swings the axe on permanent staff – hundreds laid off worldwide this week

TheRegister - Tue, 2018-11-06 05:10
Switchzilla's Customer Experience division experiences brunt of HR's 'limited restructuring'

Exclusive Cisco has confirmed to The Register it launched a round of layoffs on Monday, effectively slashing its Customer Experience (CX) team, after insiders alerted us to the cuts.…

Categories: Linux fréttir

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