Linux fréttir

Gunfire at electrical grid kills power for 45,000 in North Carolina

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 23:30
You don't have to be a coder to cut off the juice when blunt tools are around

Officials in Moore County, North Carolina, declared a state of emergency on Sunday after gunfire damaged an electrical substation and left 45,000 homes and businesses without power in near freezing temperatures.…

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Sam Bankman-Fried Says He Will Testify Before Congress On FTX Collapse

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 23:20
FTX founder Sam Bankman-Fried promised to testify before Congress after he finished "learning and reviewing" the events that caused the popular cryptocurrency exchange to file for bankruptcy last month. The Verge reports: Bankman-Fried's promise was made in response to a tweet from House Financial Services Chair Maxine Waters (D-CA) last week calling on him to join the committee's hearing on FTX's collapse on December 13th. But Bankman-Fried didn't commit to testifying at the hearing scheduled for next week. "Once I have finished learning and reviewing what happened, I would feel like it was my duty to appear before the committee and explain," Bankman-Fried said in a tweet on Sunday. "I'm not sure that will happen by the 13th. But when it does, I will testify." Bankman-Fried resigned as FTX's chief executive last month, a move that could hinder his ability to fully review internal company materials before agreeing to testify.

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Bret Taylor Steps Down As Co-Chair and CEO of Salesforce

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 22:40
Ron Miller reports via TechCrunch: It's been quite a roller coaster ride for Bret Taylor over the last year. In one week last December, he was named board chair at Twitter and co-CEO at Salesforce. One year later, he doesn't have either job. Taylor lost the job as Twitter board chair when Elon Musk took over last month and dissolved the Twitter board immediately. Today, he stepped down as co-CEO at Salesforce in a stunning announcement that appeared to come out of the blue. "After a lot of reflection, I've decided to return to my entrepreneurial roots. Salesforce has never been more relevant to customers, and with its best-in-class management team and the company executing on all cylinders, now is the right time for me to step away," Taylor said in a statement announcing his resignation. Taylor, who helped guide the $27 billion Slack acquisition in 2020, appeared to be in line to take over whenever company founder and CEO Marc Benioff decided to step down. Now he has stepped away, and it's not clear what has changed. Benioff called his co-CEO's resignation "a bittersweet moment" in a statement, and said he would always be his biggest champion. He repeated Taylor's words about him returning to his entrepreneurial roots. Perhaps Taylor really had enough of running a big company, but it does seem strange timing, right after he appeared onstage with Benioff at Dreamforce in September.

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Google warns stolen Android keys used to sign info-stealing malware

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 22:30
OEMs including Samsung, LG and Mediatek named and shamed

Compromised Android platform certificate keys from device makers including Samsung, LG and Mediatek are being used to sign malware and deploy spyware, among other software nasties.…

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Judge Orders US Lawyer In Russian Botnet Case To Pay Google

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 22:02
An anonymous reader quotes a report from KrebsOnSecurity: In December 2021, Google filed a civil lawsuit against two Russian men thought to be responsible for operating Glupteba, one of the Internet's largest and oldest botnets. The defendants, who initially pursued a strategy of counter suing Google for tortious interference in their sprawling cybercrime business, later brazenly offered to dismantle the botnet in exchange for payment from Google. The judge in the case was not amused, found for the plaintiff, and ordered the defendants and their U.S. attorney to pay Google's legal fees. The lawyer for the defendants, New York-based cybercrime defense attorney Igor Litvak, filed a motion to reconsider (PDF), asking the court to vacate the sanctions against him. He said his goal is to get the case back into court. "The judge was completely wrong to issue sanctions," Litvak told KrebsOnSecurity. "From the beginning of the case, she acted as if she needed to protect Google from something. If the court does not decide to vacate the sanctions, we will have to go to the Second Circuit (Court of Appeals) and get justice there." Meanwhile, Google said the court's decision will have significant ramifications for online crime, adding that it's observed a 78 percent reduction in the number of hosts infected by Glupteba since its technical and legal attacks on the botnet last year. "While Glupteba operators have resumed activity on some non-Google platforms and IoT devices, shining a legal spotlight on the group makes it less appealing for other criminal operations to work with them," reads a blog post from Google's General Counsel Halimah DeLaine Prado and vice president of engineering Royal Hansen. "And the steps [Google] took last year to disrupt their operations have already had significant impact."

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Stack Overflow bans ChatGPT as 'substantially harmful' for coding issues

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 21:30
High error rates mean thousands of AI answers need checking by humans

OpenAI's question-answering bot, ChatGPT, isn't smart enough for the team at Stack Overflow, who today announced a temporary ban on answers generated by the AI bot because of how frequently it's wrong.…

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Risky Online Behaviour Such as Piracy 'Almost Normalized' Among Young People, Says Study

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 21:21
Risky and criminal online behaviour is in danger of becoming normalized among a generation of young people across Europe, according to EU-funded research that found one in four 16- to 19-year-olds have trolled someone online and one in three have engaged in digital piracy. From a report: An EU-funded study found evidence of widespread criminal, risky and delinquent behaviour among the 16-19 age group in nine European countries including the UK. A survey of 8,000 young people found that one in four have tracked or trolled someone online, one in eight have engaged in online harassment, one in 10 have engaged in hate speech or hacking, one in five have engaged in sexting and one in three have engaged in digital piracy. It also found that four out of 10 have watched pornography. Julia Davidson, a co-author of the research and professor of criminology at the University of East London (UEL), said risky and criminal online behaviour was becoming almost normalised among a generation of European young people. "The research indicates that a large proportion of young people in the EU are engaging in some form of cybercrime, to such an extent that the conduct of low-level crimes online and online risk-taking has become almost normalised," she said.

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Chinese Hackers Stole Millions Worth of US COVID Relief Money, Secret Service Says

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 20:41
New submitter CrankyOldGuy writes: Chinese hackers have stolen tens of millions of dollars worth of U.S. COVID relief benefits since 2020, the Secret Service said on Monday. The Secret Service declined to provide any additional details but confirmed a report by NBC News that said the Chinese hacking team that is reportedly responsible is known within the security research community as APT41 or Winnti. APT41 is a prolific cybercriminal group that had conducted a mix of government-backed cyber intrusions and financially motivated data breaches, according to experts. Several members of the hacking group were indicted in 2019 and 2020 by the U.S. Justice Department for spying on over 100 companies, including software development companies, telecommunications providers, social media firms, and video game developers. "Regrettably, the Chinese Communist Party has chosen a different path of making China safe for cybercriminals so long as they attack computers outside China and steal intellectual property helpful to China," former Deputy Attorney General Jeffrey Rosen said at the time.

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GlobalFoundries plans up to 800 layoffs despite reporting record profits

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 20:30
Record income? Tick. CHIPS Act subsidies coming? Tick. Yet chipmaker tries to make Wall Stret happier still

US contract chipmaker GlobalFoundries plans to lay off as many as 800 employees, proving that job security is not a foregone conclusion for a company that just reported record profits.…

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FBI Joins Investigation Into North Carolina Power Outage Caused By 'Intentional' Attacks on Substations

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 20:01
Joe_Dragon writes: With no suspects or motive announced, the FBI is joining the investigation into power outages in a North Carolina county believed to have been caused by "intentional" and "targeted" attacks on substations that left around 40,000 customers in the dark Saturday night, prompting a curfew and emergency declaration. The mass outage in Moore County turned into a criminal investigation when responding utility crews found signs of potential vandalism of equipment at different sites -- including two substations that had been damaged by gunfire, according to the Moore County Sheriff's Office. "The person, or persons, who did this knew exactly what they were doing," Moore County Sheriff Ronnie Fields said during a Sunday news conference. "We don't have a clue why Moore County." Fields said multiple rounds were fired at the two substations. "It was targeted, it wasn't random," he said. The sheriff would not say whether the criminal activity was domestic terrorism but noted "no group has stepped up to acknowledge or accept they're the ones who [did] it." In addition to the FBI, the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation has joined the investigation, officials said. More than 33,000 customers were still in the dark across the county Sunday evening, the Duke Energy outage map showed. For some, the outage may stretch into Thursday, officials said, upending life for tens of thousands. All schools in the county will be closed Monday and authorities have opened a shelter running on a generator. Traffic lights are also out, and while a few stores with generators were able to open their doors, several businesses and churches in Moore County were closed Sunday, CNN affiliate WRAL reported.

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US could save billions in health costs if it changed wind energy strategy

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 19:30
Socio-economic disparities between who benefits from new plants still remain, say MIT researchers

The health benefits of replacing fossil fuel-burning power plants with wind energy are quantifiable, says the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but if the US got more choosy about which plants it switches off in favor of wind, those benefits could quadruple.…

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Work Begins in Western Australia on World's Most Powerful Radio Telescopes

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 19:24
Construction of the world's largest radio astronomy observatory, the Square Kilometre Array, has officially begun in Australia after three decades in development. From a report: A huge intergovernmental effort, the SKA has been hailed as one of the biggest scientific projects of this century. It will enable scientists to look back to early in the history of the universe when the first stars and galaxies were formed. It will also be used to investigate dark energy and why the universe is expanding, and to potentially search for extraterrestrial life. The SKA will initially involve two telescope arrays -- one on Wajarri country in remote Western Australia, called SKA-Low, comprising 131,072 tree-like antennas. SKA-Low is so named for its sensitivity to low-frequency radio signals. It will be eight times as sensitive than existing comparable telescopes and will map the sky 135 times faster. A second array of 197 traditional dishes, SKA-Mid, will be built in South Africa's Karoo region.

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Windows 11 Still Not Winning the OS Popularity Contest

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 18:40
Microsoft has released an out-of-band update to nudge laggards toward Windows 11 amid a migration pace that company executives would undoubtedly prefer is rather faster. From a report: The software giant is offering an option of upgrading to Windows 11 as an out of box experience to its Windows 10 22H2 installed base, the main aim being to smooth their path forward to the latest operating system. "On November 30, 2022, an out-of-band update was released to improve the Windows 10, version 2004, 20H2, 21H1, 21H2, and 22H2 out-of-box experience (OOBE). It provides eligible devices with the option to upgrade to Windows 11 as part of the OOBE process. This update will be available only when an OOBE update is installed." The update, KB5020683, applies only to Windows 10 Home and Professional versions 2004, 20H2, 21H1, 22H2. There are some pre-requisites that Microsoft has listed here before users can make the move to Windows 11. The operating system was released on October 5 last year but shifting stubborn consumers onto this software has proved challenging for top brass at Microsoft HQ in Redmond. According to Statcounter, a web analytics service that has tracking code installed on 1.5 million websites and records a page view for each, some 16.12 percent of Windows users had installed Windows 11 in November, higher than the 15.44 percent in the prior month, but likely still not close to the figures that Microsoft was hoping for.

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Fancy some fresh Linux Mint? 21.1 enters beta, should be here by Christmas

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 18:30
If you like the flavor of Cinnamon, good news: you'll get a new version

The first beta version of Mint 21.1 is now available for download, and the flagship Cinnamon desktop edition contains the biggest change, with a new version of the desktop.…

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DeepMind AI Topples Experts at Complex Game Stratego

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 18:01
Game-playing AIs that interact with humans are laying important groundwork for real-world applications. From a report: Another game long considered extremely difficult for artificial intelligence (AI) to master has fallen to machines. An AI called DeepNash, made by London-based company DeepMind, has matched expert humans at Stratego, a board game that requires long-term strategic thinking in the face of imperfect information. The achievement, described in Science on 1 December, comes hot on the heels of a study reporting an AI that can play Diplomacy, in which players must negotiate as they cooperate and compete. "The rate at which qualitatively different game features have been conquered -- or mastered to new levels -- by AI in recent years is quite remarkable," says Michael Wellman at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, a computer scientist who studies strategic reasoning and game theory. "Stratego and Diplomacy are quite different from each other, and also possess challenging features notably different from games for which analogous milestones have been reached." Stratego has characteristics that make it much more complicated than chess, Go or poker, all of which have been mastered by AIs (the latter two games in 2015 and 2019). In Stratego, two players place 40 pieces each on a board, but cannot see what their opponent's pieces are. The goal is to take turns moving pieces to eliminate those of the opponent and capture a flag. Stratego's game tree -- the graph of all possible ways in which the game could go -- has 10^535 states, compared with Go's 10^360. In terms of imperfect information at the start of a game, Stratego has 10^66 possible private positions, which dwarfs the 106 such starting situations in two-player Texas hold'em poker. "The sheer complexity of the number of possible outcomes in Stratego means algorithms that perform well on perfect-information games, and even those that work for poker, don't work," says Julien Perolat, a DeepMind researcher based in Paris. [...] For two weeks in April, DeepNash competed with human Stratego players on online game platform Gravon. After 50 matches, DeepNash was ranked third among all Gravon Stratego players since 2002. "Our work shows that such a complex game as Stratego, involving imperfect information, does not require search techniques to solve it," says team member Karl Tuyls, a DeepMind researcher based in Paris. "This is a really big step forward in AI." "The results are impressive," agrees Noam Brown, a researcher at Meta AI, headquartered in New York City, and a member of the team that in 2019 reported the poker-playing AI Pluribus.

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Yandex signs up Putin ally to help with restructuring

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 17:30
Alexei Kudrin, former head of Russia's Audit Chamber, to advise on corporate development

Ten days after Yandex confirmed a review of its operations that include moving IP out of Russia and selling much of the remainder locals, it has hired an ally of President Vladimir Putin to help out with the restructure.…

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AMD Says Transistor Tech Will Keep Moore's Law Alive For 6 To 8 Years

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 17:21
Chipmaker AMD has hinted that new transistor technology will keep Moore's Law alive for the next six to eight years, but as one might guess, it will cost more. From a report: Meanwhile, the company still plans to market new chips based on its Zen 4 architecture next year, including Bergamo, which is intended to compete against Arm-based chips for cloud-native computing. In an interview with Wells Fargo analyst Aaron Rakers at the financial outfit's TMT Summit, AMD CTO Mark Papermaster talked about future directions and the company's near-term roadmap. Rakers asked about the Zen family and its chiplet-based architecture versus the monolithic architecture seen with Intel's CPUs, and whether this would continue to serve AMD for the next four to five years, or whether another novel approach might be needed. "Innovation always finds its way around barriers," Papermaster said. "I can see exciting new transistor technology for the next -- as far as you can really plot these things out -- about six to eight years, and it's very, very clear to me the advances that we're going to make to keep improving the transistor technology, but they're more expensive," he said. In the past, chipmakers like AMD and Intel could double the transistor density every 18 to 24 months and stay within the same cost envelope, but that is not the case anymore, Papermaster claimed. "So, we're going to have innovations in transistor technology. We're going to have more density. We're going to have lower power, but it's going to cost more. So how you put solutions together has to change," he said.

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Business-Software Companies Say Customers Are Pulling Back Amid Economic Concerns

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 16:42
Business-software companies say customers are being more cautious with their spending in response to a challenging economy, adding to the tech industry's list of concerns. From a report: Customers for companies such as Salesforce, Okta and CrowdStrike are taking longer to sign deals, and in some cases slowing their hiring plans as they try to protect their bottom lines, the software providers reported this past week. That trend has created a cloudy outlook for many in the once-booming business-software sector, which benefited from years of demand as customers looked to use the products to trim costs and maintain their businesses during the pandemic. "Certainly, the buyer environment has changed out there in the market. It's become more measured," Brian Millham, chief operating officer at Salesforce, said on an analyst call. Salesforce didn't provide a revenue forecast for the next fiscal year, as it often does around this time, with Chief Financial Officer Amy Weaver pointing to the "very unpredictable macro environment." Salesforce said its business customers are adopting behaviors typically seen in an economic downturn, such as laying off workers, delaying hiring and slashing expenses in areas such as marketing. The San Francisco-based company, one of the largest vendors of customer-relationship-management software, said Wednesday that its clients in the tech, consumer-goods and retail sectors were pressured in the recent quarter, while the travel, hospitality and manufacturing sectors were among those showing more resiliency.

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You're getting warmer: NASA's thermal mole reveals active mantle plume on Mars

TheRegister - Mon, 2022-12-05 16:32
Discovery shows 'astrobiological potential of subsurface habitable environments'

Researchers have discovered a driver for volcanic activity on Mars, a red planet once thought to have no active seismic geology.…

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EU Hosted 24-Hour Party In Its $400,000 Metaverse. Very Few People Turned Up.

Slashdot - Mon, 2022-12-05 16:05
An anonymous reader shares a report: The European Union hosted a 24-hour party in its $407,000 metaverse, but only a handful of people turned up, according to journalist Vince Chadwick, one of the attendees. Last week's event was billed as a "beach party" offering "music and fun" to launch the EU's "Global Gateway" strategy. When the costly virtual-reality world was first shown in October, EU staff were already raising concerns, per Devex. "Depressing and embarrasing" and "digital garbage" were among the department's first responses to the underwhelming $407,000 venue. The EU told the news site that its metaverse aimed to increase awareness among 18-35 year olds "primarily on TikTok and Instagram" who aren't politically engaged. But as it moved from promotional video to virtual reality, it seems the message didn't reach too many people. Chadwick tweeted about his experience at the party, saying that there were just five other people in attendance. He described "bemused chats" with the other partygoers, as they couldn't figure out where it was supposed to be.

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