Linux fréttir

Java 17 arrives with long-term support: What's new, and is it falling behind Kotlin?

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 14:29
Text blocks, sealed classes, switch expressions, records, and more

JDK (Java Development Kit) 17 was released today, the first long-term support release since JDK 11 three years ago.…

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AI Can Estimate Corporate Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 14:05
An anonymous reader shares a report: In 2015, representatives from more than 196 countries met in Le Bourget, France to sign the Paris Agreement. The legally binding treaty limits global warming to a rise of well below 2 degrees Celsius compared to preindustrial levels, preferably capping warming at 1.5 degrees. While the Paris Agreement doesn't spell out how the undersigned are expected to achieve this goal, some countries have pledged to cut their net climate emissions to zero by 2050. For these and other steps to be successful, reliable data is key. While the ability to evaluate companies' carbon footprints will be critical for countries seeking to comply with the measures, only a fraction of companies currently disclose their greenhouse gas emissions. But researchers at Bloomberg Quant Research and Amazon Web Services claim to have successfully trained a machine learning model to estimate the emissions of businesses that don't disclose their emissions. The researchers say investors could use this model to align their investments with international regulatory measures and achieve net-zero goals. Some regions, including the European Union, require investors to apply a "precautionary principle" that penalizes non-disclosing companies by overestimating their emissions. "Merely 2.27% of companies filing financial statements are disclosing their [greenhouse gas] emissions according to our environmental, social, and governance (ESG) datasets," the coauthors wrote in a paper. "In order to make a meaningful change, we need to measure who is contributing [greenhouse gases] into the atmosphere and monitor their claims to decarbonize."

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Cloud is fundamentally more profitable than on-prem, says Oracle's Safra Catz as revenue misses mark for investors

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 13:45
In case you were wondering why vendors are so excited about it

Revenue growth of 4 per cent was not enough for Oracle to appease market watchers as the omnipresent software vendor's shares slumped following the release of its latest quarterly financials.…

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G7 countries outgun UK in worldwide broadband speed test

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 13:01
Ofcom: You know, superfast broadband is available if you'd care to take it up

The UK is second worst in the G7 league of industrial nations – only pipping Italy (61st) in terms of broadband speed, according to a report published today by Cable.co.uk.…

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Meat Accounts For Nearly 60% of All Greenhouse Gases From Food Production, Study Finds

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 13:00
An anonymous reader quotes a report from The Guardian: The global production of food is responsible for a third of all planet-heating gases emitted by human activity, with the use of animals for meat causing twice the pollution of producing plant-based foods, a major new study has found. The entire system of food production, such as the use of farming machinery, spraying of fertilizer and transportation of products, causes 17.3 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases a year, according to the research. This enormous release of gases that fuel the climate crisis is more than double the entire emissions of the US and represents 35% of all global emissions, researchers said. The use of cows, pigs and other animals for food, as well as livestock feed, is responsible for 57% of all food production emissions, the research found, with 29% coming from the cultivation of plant-based foods. The rest comes from other uses of land, such as for cotton or rubber. Beef alone accounts for a quarter of emissions produced by raising and growing food. Grazing animals require a lot of land, which is often cleared through the felling of forests, as well as vast tracts of additional land to grow their feed. The paper calculates that the majority of all the world's cropland is used to feed livestock, rather than people. Livestock also produce large quantities of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. [...] The difference in emissions between meat and plant production is stark – to produce 1kg of wheat, 2.5kg of greenhouse gases are emitted. A single kilo of beef, meanwhile, creates 70kg of emissions. The researchers said that societies should be aware of this significant discrepancy when addressing the climate crisis. The researchers built a database that provided a consistent emissions profile of 171 crops and 16 animal products, drawing data from more than 200 countries. They found that South America is the region with the largest share of animal-based food emissions, followed by south and south-east Asia and then China. Food-related emissions have grown rapidly in China and India as increasing wealth and cultural changes have led more younger people in these countries to adopt meat-based diets. The paper's calculations of the climate impact of meat is higher than previous estimates -- the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization has said about 14% of all emissions come from meat and diary production. The study has been published in Nature Food.

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Intuit branches out into email marketing by splashing $12bn on Mailchimp acquisition

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 12:14
Part of a planned assault on the 'small business mid-market'

Financial software specialist Intuit has splashed the cash to branch out into the world of email newsletters, throwing $12bn (around £8.7bn) at Mailchimp as part of its effort to "become an AI-driven expert platform."…

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Thousands of internet-connected databases contain high or critical CVEs, says report by cloud security biz

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 11:30
Put your data on someone else's computer to keep it safe, urges Imperva

After spending five years poring over port scan results, infosec firm Imperva reckons there's about 12,000 vulnerability-containing databases accessible through the internet.…

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Technology has the potential to close the education divide. Key word: Potential

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 10:45
Quieter kids can speak up in chat, students can record lessons to watch again, and more, says professor

Register Debate Welcome to the latest Register Debate in which writers discuss technology topics, and you – the reader – choose the winning argument. The format is simple: we propose a motion, the arguments for the motion will run this Monday and Wednesday, and the arguments against on Tuesday and Thursday. During the week you can cast your vote on which side you support using the poll embedded below, choosing whether you're in favour or against the motion. The final score will be announced on Friday, revealing whether the for or against argument was most popular.

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Ignore politics of whitebox radio: Mix and match OpenRAN tech will be 10% of market in 2025, claims analyst

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 10:15
Critics say the post-Huawei world of telco networking increases complexity but it has legs

Analysts are upping sales projections for Open RAN tech despite the recent kerfuffle that saw Nokia step out of an industry alliance intended to heighten competition in telco networking.…

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China Will Reportedly Break Up Ant Group's Alipay, Force Creation of New Loans App

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 10:00
Beijing plans to break up Ant Group's Alipay and create a separate app for the fintech giant's loans business, according to a Financial Times report on Monday. CNBC reports: Regulators previously ordered Ant to split the businesses of AliPay from lending businesses Huabei and Jiebei. They now want the credit businesses to be split into an independent app as well, according to the FT. According to the plan, Ant will turn over user data underpinning loan decisions to a new credit scoring joint venture, the FT reported, citing people familiar with the process. The JV will be partly state-owned, the report said. Reuters said in early September that state-back firms are set to take a sizeable stake in the credit-scoring joint-venture, with Ant and Zhejiang Tourism Investment Group owning 35% each of the venture. Ant will not be the only online lender in China affected by the new rules, according to the FT. [...] In April, regulators ordered Ant Group to revamp its business, including restructuring into a financial holding company as well as creating more separation between its payment app Alipay and its credit products. In that same month, Chinese regulators also slapped Alibaba with a massive 18.23 billion yuan (about $2.8 billion) fine in its anti-monopoly investigation of the tech behemoth due to alleged abuse of its market dominance.

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When ERP migrations go bad: Games Workshop says project issues are delaying refresh of 'dated' online store

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 09:43
Commissar Yarrick's bale eye focuses on company's web retail presence as 'long and complex' saga continues

Games Workshop, the UK's fantasy model maker and table-top wargames retailer, has been forced to stall the development of a new online shopping system because of delays to its ERP project.…

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Running on empty, out of battery, power draining... three things the UK government definitely isn't. Oh no

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 09:00
Video connected – check. Plugged into the mains? Er...

Bork!Bork!Bork! Bork is apparently going live, as a segment in UK breakfast show Good Morning Britain neglects to consider Microsoft's thirst for power – of the electrical variety, of course.…

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Facebook building 'on-demand executable file format' that self-inflates using homebrew compression

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 08:15
Already shrinks The Social Network’s™ Android apps by 20 per cent compared to rivals, has uses beyond that

Facebook has developed promising asymmetric compression technology and aspires to share it with the world.…

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ExpressVPN bought for $1bn by Brit biz with an... interesting history in ad-tech

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 07:39
'Kape has moved on from those times'

UK-headquartered Kape Technologies announced on Monday it has acquired ExpressVPN in a $936m (£675m) cash and stocks deal, a move it claims will double its customer base to at least six million.…

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Nvidia Leak May Reveal Unannounced Games, Including God of War For PC

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 07:00
An Nvidia GeForce Now server has leaked a confidential list of thousands of games, some of which have never been seen before, like the PlayStation exclusive God of War seemingly coming to Windows PC via Steam. Developer Ighor July has published the list to GitHub. The Verge reports: Here's a screenshot of what that looks like in the GeForce Now client, according to the developer. There are reasons to believe the list is legit. We know graphics giant Nvidia has access to games long before they're released -- and we know Sony in particularly has been banking on banking on PlayStation games on PC. It quietly revealed Uncharted 4 was coming to PC, after seeing a 250 percent return on its investment porting Horizon: Zero Dawn to the platform, and it was just Thursday that Sony announced it would be part of the Uncharted: Legacy of Thieves Collection -- a name that we'd never heard of before then, but already appears in Nvidia's list as well. So too do Demon's Souls and Final Fantasy XVI -- the games where Sony had to retroactively retract all mentions of PC to make them sound like PlayStation exclusives. PS5 exclusive Returnal appears as well, as does a Final Fantasy VII Remake for PC. And there are codenames for games in here that seem original, ones that bring up zero search results. Is "Platinum" the internal name for Bethesda's Indiana Jones games? But there are also a lot of mentions that seem rather out of date or out of place, like a whole host of Facebook-exclusive Oculus Rift titles that would make little sense on Nvidia's GeForce Now cloud gaming service, or a mention of a "Titanfall 3" which clarifies that it's actually "GAMEapex_legends_-_titanfall," aka Apex Legends, the popular battle royale game. And some of them may simply be guesses, like Kingdom Hearts IV, "BioShock 2022," and so on. All of that means you should probably take any given name on the list with a grain of salt...

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South Korea fines Google ₩207 billion for forking up attempts at creating Android variants

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 06:14
LG and Samsung probably aren't smiling – and not only because that sum translates to a tolerable US$177M

South Korea's Fair Trade Commission has fined Google ₩207 billion (US$177M) for abusing its market dominance in mobile operating systems by prohibiting forks of Android.…

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Australia gave police power to compel sysadmins into assisting account takeovers – so they plan to use it

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 04:57
Soon, authorities intend to flush out CSAM and the creeps who share it. After that … privacy types are worried

Australia's Federal Police force on Sunday announced it intends to start using new powers designed to help combat criminal use of encryption by taking over the accounts of some social media users, then deleting or modifying content they've posted.…

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Researchers Toilet-Trained Cows In Hopes of Reducing Their Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 03:30
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Gizmodo: Researchers in Germany recently demonstrated that cattle can be toilet trained to reduce some of their climate impact. By having the young cows pee in latrines made of turf, the team of experts in animal behavior and agricultural science stopped the natural production of nitrous oxide from the cow's urine. Cows are notorious for their contributions to greenhouse gas emissions in large-scale farming; the animals belch (and to a lesser extent, fart) methane, and their urine and poop combine to produce ammonia, which isn't a greenhouse gas itself but is converted into nitrous oxide by microbes in the soil. The team trained nearly a dozen calves to urinate in a makeshift latrine, nicknamed the MooLoo, thereby stopping the urine from becoming part of the problem. The research was published on Monday in Current Biology. Training the cows was a fairly simple process on paper. First, the scientists penned 16 of the animals into the latrine area. When the cows urinated, they were given food or sugar water, tacit endorsements of their decisions. The next step was teaching them not to pee in the pasture, which the team did by implementing an unpleasant stimulus whenever they did so. That stimulus was originally a loud noise, but when the researchers realized the animals didn't mind it much, they swapped it out for spraying the cows with water, a relatively harmless message of "bad cow." The team found that the cows' ability to hold it and go in the latrine was equivalent to a child's ability with the toilet -- even superior to that of young children. [The team] hopes to bring the latrines to other sites and increase the number of potty-trained cows. "To do this, we must first automate the whole training procedure and adapt it to the conditions on the farm," he told Gizmodo in an email. "We want to tackle this in a follow-up project." The report notes there are a couple of limitations with this effort. "First, not all of the cows could be potty-trained. Only 10 of the 16 calves quickly learned to pee in the proper place and could routinely reproduce that action," reports Gizmodo. "That's trouble for anyone trying to scale up the practice (there are more than 1 billion cows on Earth). Second, the experiment didn't cover defecation, and cow poop also contains ammonia. There's also still the major problem of methane, a greenhouse gas 80 times more potent than carbon dioxide, tied to cows burps and farts."

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ASEAN bloc agrees to work on digital trade pact that might get real by 2025

TheRegister - Tue, 2021-09-14 02:58
South Korea wants to play, too, and has just the model it thinks will do the trick

The ASEAN economic and free trade bloc has agreed to develop a digital trade pact, and South Korea wants to play.…

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New York To Ban Sale of All Gas-Powered Vehicles In the State By 2035

Slashdot - Tue, 2021-09-14 02:02
New York is aiming to ban the sale of all gas-powered vehicles in the state by 2035. CBS News reports: A bill amending the state's environmental conservation law was passed by the state's Senate and Assembly and signed by Governor Kathy Hochul last week. Under the new law, 100% of in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks will have zero emissions by 2035. That means state agencies will work to develop affordable powering options for zero-emissions vehicles in all communities, improve sustainable transportation and support bicycle and pedestrian options. Several agencies will work to create a zero-emissions vehicle market development strategy by 2023, so ensure more zero-emission cars are available in the state.

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